The Dragon Boat Festival occurs on the fifth day of the fifth moon
of the lunar calendar.It is one of the three most important of the annual
Chinese festivals.The other two are the Autumn Moon Festival and Chinese New
he story of this colorful festival concerns a famous Chinese
scholar-statesman named Chu Yuan.Who some three centuries before the birth of
Christ,served the King of Chu during the Warring States period.As a loyal
minister,Chu Yuan at first enjoyed the full confidence and respect of his
sovereign.Eventually,through the intrigues of his rivals,he was discredited.
Chu Yuan was never able to regain the emperor's favor and on the
fifth day of the fifth moon in the year 278 B.C.(Before Christ),at the age of
62,Chu Yuan clasped a stone to his chest and plunged into the Milo River in the
Respecting the minister as an upright and honest man,the people who
lived in the area jumped into their boats and rushed out in a vain search for
him.This unsuccessful rescue attempt is a part of what the Dragon Boat Festival
commemorates every year.
Probably the most exciting and interesting aspect of the festival is
the racing of the Dragon Boats.These races not only symbolize the people's
attempt to save Chu Yuan,they also demonstrate the Chinese virtues of
cooperation and teamwork.
After Qu Yuan threw himself into the Miluo River,the local people
living adjacent to the River rushed into their boats to search for him while
throwing rice into the river to appease the dragons.
To the Chinese the fifth lunar moon is more than just the Dragon
Boat Festival.Since antiquity,they have believed that this month is a
pestilential and danger-fraught period.Children born in this month are said to
be difficult to raise,and people tend to concentrate their efforts during this
time attempting to protect their families from ills and misfortune.The day of
the Dragon Boat Festival is customarily the time when cleaning and sanitation
are stressed.Most families hang calamus and artemisia above their doors,both as
a decoration and as a preventive against pestilence.
Ancient folk medicine such as realgar are added to the food eaten on
the Festival day.This is believed to prevent disease and to promote a healthy
digestive system The drinking of realgar in wine supposedly relieves the
effects of poisons accumulated in human bodies.
With time going by,the custom still lingers on.The Dragon Boat
Festival is one of the statutory holidays in China.
Chinese calendar/lunar calendar农历，阴历
In honour of为纪念（为向......表示敬意，为......庆祝）
Dragon Boat Race赛龙舟（端午节又叫龙舟节）
throw oneself into积极从事，投入